УДК: 658

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2021-3-9

Yevhenii RUDNICHENKO
Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Management, Administration and Hotel and Restaurant Business, Khmelnytskyi National University
Nataliia HAVLOVSKA
Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Management, Administration and Hotel and Restaurant Business, Khmelnytskyi National University
Yaroslav SARSFYNIUK
Master's student of the Department of Management, Administration and Hotel and Restaurant Business, Khmelnytskyi National University
Mykhailo KRYVDYK
graduate student of the Department of Management, Administration and Hotel and Restaurant Business, Khmelnytskyi National University

JEL classification: O22

Abstract

The activity of any enterprise is not possible without the implementation of innovation and investment projects. The key issue facing the management of enterprises in the implementation of the project is related to the need to make informed management decisions regarding its effectiveness and feasibility of implementation. In addition, the transformational conditions for the development of the modern economy put forward qualitatively new requirements for project management in enterprises. The article investigates the terminological basis of project management, defines and summarizes the approaches of scientists to the interpretation of the term “project”. Based on the existing approaches, the author’s definition of the project is proposed – a set of interrelated measures designed to achieve the goal and obtain a definite result under the established resource constraints. The article presents the main phases of project management. Each of these phases includes the management of the following components: project content management – definition of all parameters that accompany the development, implementation and completion of the project; project implementation time management – provides for the establishment of time intervals for all types of work at all stages of project implementation; project quality management – defining requirements and setting standards for the quality of project results, as well as ensuring their implementation at all stages of project implementation through constant monitoring and control; cost management – includes assessment and determination of costs, sources of funding, cash flow planning, forecasting the financial results of the project and control at all stages of project implementation; personnel management – is the selection of personnel and the formation of the project team; risk management – is to identify risks and develop appropriate measures; communication management – allows to provide support of interaction of project participants, information transfer, etc; procurement management – involves procurement planning, concluding agreements, conducting tenders and procurement, procurement control. Features of project management information systems are analyzed. Prospects for further research in the subject area are identified.

Keywords: project, project management, tools, theoretical bases, changes.

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The article was received 15.06.2021