УДК 332.1:658

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2020-2-39 Каріна Олександрівна УТЕНКОВА кандидат економічних наук, доцент, доцент кафедри бухгалтерського обліку і аудиту, Харківськии національнии аграрнии університет ім. В. В. Докучаєва ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9097-5431 Е-mail: karinautenkova@gmail.com ТЕОРЕТИЧНИЙ БАЗИС ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ МЕХАНІЗМУ ЕКОНОМІЧНОЇ БЕЗПЕКИ АГРАРНОГО СЕКТОРА Утенкова, К. О. Теоретичнии базис дослідження механізму економічної

Karina UTENKOVA
PhD in Economics, Assistant Professor of the Chair of Accounting and Audit of Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V.V. Dokuchaiev

JEL classification: Q10

Abstract

The theoretical basis of economic security mechanism of the agrarian sector is investigated in the article.

The purpose of the article is to develop theoretical and methodological foundations for the study of economic security mechanism of the agrarian sector.

Research methods: dialectical method of cognition of economic phenomena, the principles of economic theory applied to the economic security; methods of theoretical generalization and comparison were used in processing literary sources and studying the raised questions; modelling is used for forming the model of economic security mechanism.

Results. The theoretical and methodological basis of the concept of economic security of the agricultural sector was considered, which deepens scientific knowledge to determine the features of its development. The formation of economic security had the following stages: Stage I – the 30s in the twentieth century; Stage II – the 40s–60s in the twentieth century; Stage III – the 70s–80s in XX century; Stage IV – the end of the 80s–90s in the twentieth century; Stage V – beginning of XXI century – up to now. The functional components of economic security are substantiated and their content is clarified from the standpoint of the agricultural sector of Ukraine to ensure its effective functioning in modern conditions, particularly the following components: financial, personnel-intellectual, production-technological, political-legal, decision-making security and information security, ecological, investment-innovative, social, marketing, resource-technical, energy, food, transport, foreign economic.

Conclusions. The model of the mechanism of economic security in the agricultural sector is proposed, which will allow managing not only known threats beforehand, but also responding to current challenges, identifying factors of intensification of threats to economic security in the agricultural sector. The model allows the mechanism of economic security to operate in three areas: permanent implementation of preventive measures; responding to identified threats and risks; making operational decisions on actions in unforeseen situations.

Key words: economic security, agrarian sector, mechanism, functional components.

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The article was received 20.03.2020