УДК: 331.104.2

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2021-4-15

Kostiantyn Pavlov
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Entrepreneurship and Marketing, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Iryna Sadovska
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Accounting and Taxation, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Andriy Boyar
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of International Relations and Project Management, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Oksana Verbova
Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor, Member of the editorial board of the collection of scientific works “History of economics and economic thought of Ukraine” the State Institution “Institute of Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine”
Mikhail Koval
Postgraduate student of the Department of Economics and Nature Management of Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University

JEL classification: J21; J22; J68; E20; E24; E27; E29; R23


The article considers the problems of employment in the theoretical and methodological context. Under current conditions, the interpretation of the labor market’s essence, methods, reasons, and characteristics are worked out and given. The central state levers of employment regulation are noted. The peculiarities of the theoretical and methodological approach to employment regulation are specified, where the leading place belongs to legal, organizational and managerial, economic, socially-oriented, analytical, negotiable, innovative, and popularizing. The role of the state in the process of regulating employment, which performs a distributive function (providing tax benefits to enterprises, taxation of the wage fund), macroeconomic, which consists in increasing labor supply and limiting the adverse defects of the economic system (inflation, unemployment, economic downturn), stimulating function, which allows to revive innovation and investment activity and affects the whole market situation (employment promotion, public investment, subsidies, grants, subventions, and subsidies). Special attention in the article is paid to synthesizing existing works of scientists and researchers on the generalization of the critical theoretical and methodological approaches to the essential understanding of employment. Further scientific interpretation was given to legal, organizational, and managerial methods, economic, socially-oriented, analytical, favorable, innovative, and polarization. A certain consonance of theoretical and methodological principles of employment with the peculiarities of regional development of socio-economic processes is proved. Therefore, when developing a strategy to increase employment in the region, one should consider the existing proportions between workers and employers, staff turnover, labor supply, placement of labor resources, etc. Measures are proposed that are designed not only to regulate employment processes in the theoretical sense but also to increase economic activity, solving the problem of accommodation and rational use, taking into account the specifics of a particularly territorial and regional grouping. Methods of regulation of direct and indirect action are offered. The conclusions of the conducted theoretical research are concretized.

Keywords: employment, labor market, macroeconomic factors, state regulation, full employment.


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The article was received 17.10.2021