JEL classification: O18; P25; R11
The article examines the interpretation of the concept of rural areas by different researchers. It was found that the most frequently used characteristics, which are taken as the basis of the content of the category “rural areas” are the spatial location of the agricultural sector of production and the attached administrative-territorial status. It is proposed to define “rural areas” as settlements with a population density of less than 300 people per 1 km2. Summarizing the approaches of domestic researchers and considering our vision of certain aspects of formation, use and reproduction, the resource potential of rural areas is the actual and potential set of natural, demographic, tourist, recreational and industrial resources owned and / or used by rural communities, territories of the country and its separate regions. The role and place of rural areas in the system of socio-economic development of the state and regions are analyzed. Thus, the most important social institutions that determine the dominant forms and directions of rural development are the state, represented by central and local authorities. The institute of the state formulates the general rules of the game in the form of relevant regulations, acts as an arbitrator and provides financial support for the production and infrastructure components of the agricultural economy. The process of qualitative changes in the agricultural sector of the national economy, in land reform and decentralization reform, has logically reached the stage of institutionalization of the Ukrainian peasantry, which loses its discriminatory role in agricultural production and country territories. The latter have the resource potential, which under appropriate conditions can be used equally effectively in both agricultural and non-agricultural spheres of production. At the same time, the need to move to the principles of sustainable development, allows to consider the natural resources of rural areas as a value.
Key words: rural areas, socio-economic development, state, region.
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The article was received 25.07.2021