УДК: 332.72 (477)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2019-4-5

Ruslan SHELUDKO
Ph. D. in Economics, Associate Professor,
Professor of Department of Marketing, Entrepreneurship and Production Organization,
Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchayev
Dmytro HOPTSII
Ph. D. in Economics, Associate Professor,
Associate Professor of Department of Land Management and Cadastre,
Kharkiv National Agrarian University named after V. V. Dokuchayev

JEL classification: Q15; Q24

Abstract

Introduction. The prerequisites for the circulation of agricultural land in Ukraine are considered in the article. The attention is paid to the peculiarities in comparison with other countries, which is important when choosing the Ukrainian model of the circulation of agricultural land.

The purpose of the article is to study systematically the existed agricultural models of the circulation of agricultural land in the world and to determine the most appropriate one for Ukraine in the current geopolitical conditions.

The results of the research. The classification of the agricultural land circulation models is proposed for the entities that can be market participants. The determined components that need clear regulation in the Ukrainian model are identified on the analysis basis of agricultural land circulation models existing in different countries of the world. These include entities that may be market participants; presence or absence of special entities; presence or absence of priority for the purchase of agricultural land; maximum area of agricultural land that can be privately owned by one person; food security mechanism; state mechanism of market regulation. The influence of each component on the market model in different countries is considered. It is proved that all countries whose market models are considered successful have a high level of state regulation aimed at protecting of national interests and supporting of domestic family-type farms.

The conclusions. A village-saving model of agricultural land circulation has been proposed for Ukraine, which involves giving farmers a priority in the purchase of agricultural land, the creation of a State Land Bank and a State Reserve of agricultural land that cannot be transferred to private property to guarantee the country’s food security.

Keywords: agricultural land circulation, land market, moratorium, market model, agricultural land circulation model.

References

  1. Haidutskyi, P.I., Sabluk, P.T., Lupenko, Yu.O. et. al. (2005) Ahrarna reforma v Ukraini. [Agrarian reform in Ukraine]. In Haidutskyi P.T. (ed.). NNTs IAE. Kyiv. Ukraine.
  2. Dobriak, D.S. and Shkuratov, O.I. (2018). «Formation and development of market land relations in Ukraine». Zbalansovane pryrodokorystuvannia. 1, pp. 6-17.
  3. Zhuk, V.M. (2017). Obih zemel silskohospodarskoho pryznachennia v selozberihaiuchii modeli ahrarnoho ustroiu Ukrainy. [Circulation of agricultural lands in the model of agrarian system of Ukraine]. NNTs IAE. Kyiv. Ukraine.
  4. Lupenko, Yu.O. and Khodakivska, O.V. (2016). «Scientific principles of introduction of market circulation of agricultural lands». Ekonomika APK. 12, pp. 5-15.
  5. Martyn, A.H. (2011) Rehuliuvannia rynku zemli v Ukraini. [Regulation of the land market in Ukraine]. Ahrar Media Hrup. Kyiv. Ukraine.
  6. Mohylnyi, O.M. and Khodakivska, O.V. (2017). «Impact of agricultural holdings on the development of the agricultural sector of the country». Ekonomika ta derzhava. 6, pp. 4-9.
  7. Stupen, R., Stupen, M., Ryzhok, Z. and Stupen, O. (2019). «Modeling of the effective functioning of the agricultural lands market in Ukraine». Geodesy and Cartography. 45(2), pp. 96-101.
  8. Tretiak, A.M. and Tretiak, N.A. (2018). «Agricultural land market in foreign countries and in Ukraine: problems of prices and institutional environment». Zemleustrii, kadastr i monitorynh zemel. 1, pp. 72-80.
  9. Khodakivska, O.V. and Yurchenko, I.V. (2017). «Regulation of market circulation of agricultural land: experience of EU countries». Ekonomika APK. 5, pp. 78-85.
  10. Khodakivska, O.V. and Yurchenko, I.V. (2019). «Market circulation of agricultural land in Israel». Ekonomika APK. 2, pp. 84-92.
  11. Khodakivska, O.V. and Yurchenko, I.V. (2018). Model rehuliuvannia rynkovoho obihu zemel silskohospodarskoho pryznachennia v Rumunii. [Model of regulation of agricultural land market circulation in Romania]. Efektyvna ekonomika. [Effective economy]. (electronic journal). no. 3. Available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/pdf/3_2018/3.pdf
  12. Khodakivska, O.V. and Yurchenko, I.V. (2018). «Regulation of agricultural land circulation in France». Ekonomika ta Derzhava. no. 3, pp. 17-21.
  13. Levek, R., Khodakivska, O.V and Yurchenko, I.V. (2017). «Models of regulation of market agricultural land circulation in the European Union’s countries». Ekonomika APK. 10, pp. 5-12.
  14. Yurchenko, I.V. (2018). «Regulation of market circulation of agricultural land: the experience of Poland». Ekonomika APK. 4, pp. 88-94.
  15. Yurchenko, I.V. (2017). «Land management in the context of the implementation of the land cadastral policy of the European Union». Ekonomika APK. 9, pp. 63-69.
  16. Yurchenko, I.V. (2018). «Agricultural land market circulation in the United States». Ekonomika APK. 10, pp. 96-105.
  17. Zelenchuk and Tsytsyura v. Ukraine, nos. 846/16 and 1075/16, ECHR, 22 May, Available at: https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#{ %22itemid %22:[ %22001-183128 %22]}
  18. Pro vnesennia zmin do deiakykh zakonodavchykh aktiv Ukrainy shchodo obihu zemel silskohospodarskoho pryznachennia. Proekt Zakonu Ukrainy. (2019). [On Amendments to Some Legislative Acts of Ukraine on the Circulation of Agricultural Lands. Draft Law of Ukraine]. № 2178-10 dated October 10, 2019. Available at: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_1?pf3511=67059
  19. Pro rynok zemel. Proekt Zakonu Ukrainy. (2011). [On Land Market. Draft Law of Ukraine]. №9001-d dated December 07, 2011. Available at: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_1?pf3511=41981
  20. Kulynych, P. (2018). «Legal regulation of the agricultural land market with the participation of farmers: experience of the Netherlands, Germany, France and Poland». Zemlevporiadnyi visnyk. no.6, pp. 16-21.
  21. Lomakovych,, Unkovska, T., Ilchenko, V. and Bohdan, T. (2019). «Existing threats to Ukraine and necessary safeguards». Zemlevporiadnyi visnyk. no.10, pp. 2-9.
  22. Romanovska, (2013). Mizhnarodnyi dosvid zemelnoi reformy: chomu nemaie panatsei [International experience of land reform: why there is no panacea]. Proekt «Populiarna ekonomika: monitorynh reform». [Project «Popular economy: reform monitoring»]. (electronic journal). no. 11. Available at: http://cost.ua/files/land-reform/case-ukraine_land_reform.pdf
  23. Dekhtiarenko, V. «Our earth is at stake – a quarter of planetary black earth.» Zemlevporiadnyi visnyk. no.10, pp. 22-25.
  24. Lomakovych,, Unkovska, T., Ilchenko, V. and Bohdan, T. (2019). «Existing threats to Ukraine and necessary safeguards». Zemlevporiadnyi visnyk. no.11, pp. 12-21.
  25. Monitorynh zemelnykh vidnosyn v Ukraini: 2016-2017: Statystychnyi shchorichnyk. [Land relations monitoring in Ukraine: 2016-2017: Statistical yearbook]. Available at: URL: https://land.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/monitoring.pdf

The article was received 11.10.2019