УДК: 336: 64

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2022-2-38

PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Management and economics of maritime transport, National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»
Doctor in Economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Economic Theory and Entrepreneurship at the Maritime Transport,
National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»
Anastasiia YAVORSKA
PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic Theory and Entrepreneurship in Maritime Transport, National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»
Nataliia S. LYSENKO
PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Management and economics of maritime transport, National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»
Senior Lecturer of the Department of Management and economics of maritime transport
National University «Odessa Maritime Academy»

JEL classification: М21; L91


The article presents the results of the study of the system elements of the maritime industry in Ukraine. The current state of development of maritime trade, as a key element of the domestic maritime complex, is studied. The indicators of maritime transport in Ukraine, the dynamics and structure of cargo flows, modern conditions of the development of the domestic maritime industry are analyzed. The assessment of the economic potential of seaports, the state of business activity of the largest stevedoring companies of Ukraine was carried out. Studies have shown that the volume of sea cargo flows is significantly inferior to road and rail transport in terms of scale. The volume of investments directed into the industry remains insignificant. The main trends in the development of the world maritime industry were studied, the key directions of the development of maritime trade of the EU countries for the near future were determined, the system of priorities and key requirements for the functioning of the maritime economy of European countries was studied, taking into account global competitive challenges. Among the main ones today are the following: priorities and goals of sustainable development: elimination of the gap in regional access to transport system networks, preservation of biodiversity of marine resources, prevention of climate change, digitization of maritime industry management, maximum effective use of the capacities of seaport-hubs. The prospective directions of the further development of the maritime industry in Ukraine in the context of the main trends taking place in the world system of maritime economic zones are substantiated. Studies have shown that the realization of the potential of the maritime industry in Ukraine is possible due to more active integration into the European maritime space and taking into account the strategic priorities of the further development of the EU countries. It was determined that the further management of the maritime industry in Ukraine should take into account national interests and global world trends, among the latter the key ones are: the use of nanotechnology, shipbuilding with LNG and hydrogen fuel cell engines, technologies for the use of Internet of Things, artificial intelligence in the management of port hubs, use of unmanned cargo vessels, digitalization of the maritime administration system.

Keywords: maritime complex, maritime industry, maritime transport, management, development, stevedoring companies, sea ports.


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The article was received 16.04.2022