УДК: 342.95

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2023-2-3

Golubkova Iryna,
Doctor in Economics, Associate Professor,
National University «Odesa Maritime Academy»

JEL classification: L51; L92

In this study, it is substantiated that the process of globalization leads to the world economy acquiring the characteristics of a complex multi-level system, which makes it possible to use the properties of systems as tools for researching the effects of negative factors and threats to the development of the world economy and maritime transport as subsystems of the world economy. It was established that not only the rise in prices on the world’s leading stock exchanges Using the systems theory methods but also the freight cost of dry cargo ships is a significant influencing factor on food prices for the whole world. It has also been established that since the cargo traffic of food with a substantial level of processing to countries where, due to the level of development of their economy, there are mostly no opportunities for processing products, this affects the increase in the cargo traffic of container transport in global sea transportation. The synergistic nature of the impact of negative factors on the worldwide economy and the maritime transport industry has been outlined. It is singled out that the synergistic negative effect led to a chain reaction to the change of international sea transport routes. The assessment of the effectiveness of management actions of the industry management on external challenges and threats was carried out. It is pointed out that the direction of the global maritime transport industry needs to dynamically adjust the operation of logistics networks to respond effectively to the growing needs of the world market. It is also indicated that the need for more efficiency and capacity of the port infrastructure still predominantly affects container transportation due to the growing demand for the volume of cargo transportation. It is emphasized that the established definition of the world transport system needs to be sufficiently corrected. The conducted research found that the world transport system, under the influence of the globalization of the world market and the internationalization of the cargo transportation process, acquires transnational features and becomes a global structure, working increasingly in the interests of the world market.

Keywords: globalization, internationalization, maritime transport, crises, risks, threats, efficiency of industry management


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The article was received 15.02.2023