JEL classification: Q12; Q13
On the basis of the analytical research the peculiarities of the meat processing enterprises functioning of Ukraine were identified, quantitative and qualitative trends of the meat and meat products market in Ukraine were investigated, factors influencing its development prospects were determined. The article points out that cattle meat production in Ukraine has been declining annually and has been unprofitable for the last 20 years. At the same time, it is proved that the meat industry in Ukraine has significant reserves and great prospects for development, the successful implementation of which is possible only if the negative phenomena and processes in the agricultural sector are overcome. The paper investigates that over the past year, there has been some increase in meat production, with a marked decrease in beef, veal and pork meat production and an increase in poultry meat production. The main problems of the industry and the ways of overcoming them in the current economic conditions are outlined.
The main leaders of producers of meat products in Ukraine are highlighted. The dynamics of the poultry population and the production of this type of meat are discussed. The structure of livestock farming by agricultural enterprises and private farms is considered. The dynamics of the structure of meat production in Ukraine by types compared to 2014 and 2018 is provided. The desired market capacity, which could meet the needs of Ukrainians in the rational consumption of meat products, is 3.432 billion tons, but the actual consumption reaches only 2.295 billion tons, which is 66.9 % of the rational indicator. Among the main effective ways of providing market capacity are: increasing the availability of goods by introducing individual assistance to low-income categories of the population; an increase in the consumption of products outside the home, which will necessitate an increase in real wages; elimination in the food markets of non-equivalent product exchange; development of a balanced range of products at meat processing enterprises.
Keywords: meat processing companies, meat and meat products market, meat and meat products production, poultry meat, turkey meat.
- Vyrobnytstvo ialovychyny v sviti skorotyt’sia na 1,5%. [World beef production will decrease by 1.5 %]. Available at: http://ucab.ua/ua/ pres_sluzhba/novosti/virobnitstvo_yalovichini_v_sviti_skorotitsa_na_19/
- Denysenko, M. P. (2012). Problemy ta perspektyvy rozvytku m’iasnoho skotarstva v Ukraini. [Problems and prospects of development of meat cattle breeding in Ukraine]. Efekty`vna ekonomika. [Effective economy]. (electronic journal). no. 11. Available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/
- Osobennosti i perspektivy razvitija rynka mjasa i mjasoproduktov. [World beef production will decrease by 1.5 %]. Available at: http://www.meat. com.ua/
- Ukraina posidaie 85-e mistse v sviti za spozhyvanniam m’iasa na dushu naselennia. [Ukraine ranks 85th in the world in terms of meat consumption per capita]. Available at: http://shuvar.com/
- Shpychak, O. M., Bodnar, O. V., Kopytets’, N. H. [ta in.]. (2014). Rynok m’iasa velykoi rohatoi khudoby. [Cattle market]. Potochna kon’iunktura i prohnoz rynkiv sil’s’kohospodars’koi produktsii ta prodovol’stva v Ukraini na 2014/2015 marketynhovyj rik. In Shpychaka, O. M. (ed.). Issue. 21, pp. 168-191. NNTs IAE. Kyiv. Ukraine.
- Bastian, Ch., Bailey, D. V., Menkhaus, D., Glover, T. Today’s Changing Meat Industry and Tomorrow’s Beef Sector. [Today’s Changing Meat Industry and Tomorrow’s Beef Sector]. Available at: https://ag.arizona.edu/
- Galyean, M., Ponce, Ch., Schutz, J. The future of beef production in North America. Available at: https://www.animalsciencepublications.org/
- Hladij, M. V., Sabluk, P. T., Kopytets’, N. H. [ta in.]. (2012). Rozvytok m’iaso-produktovoho pidkompleksu Ukrainy. [Development of meat-subcomplex of Ukraine]. In Hladiia, M. V. (ed.). NNTs IAE. Kyiv. Ukraine.
- Materialy sajtu Viddilu sil’s’koho hospodarstva uriadu SShA. [Department of Agriculture website materials]. Available at: www.usda.gov/
- Ohliad m’iasopererobnoi haluzi u sviti. [An overview of the meat processing industry in the world]. Available at: http://www.bakertilly.ua/media/pdf/ BT Meat2019.pdf
- Prysiazhniuk, M. V., Zubets’, M. V., Sabluk, P. T. [ta in.]. (2011). Ahrarnyj sektor ekonomiky Ukrainy (stan i perspektyvy rozvytku). [Agrarian sector of Ukrainian economy (state and prospects of development)]. In Prysiazhniuka, M. V. (ed.) and other. NNTs IAE. Kyiv. Ukraine.
- Shtrubenhof, Kh. V. Rynok svynyny – real’ni mozhlyvosti dlia Ukrainy. [The pork market is a real opportunity for Ukraine]. Available at: www.svynarstvo.in.ua/
The article was received 08.09.2019