JEL classification: Q00; Q01; Q10; R10; R20
The purpose of the article is to analyze the development of the agriculture sector in Azerbaijan and access the potential for its sustainable development. In the research process, the following scientific methods have been used: empirical method (for the comprehensive assessment of the current state of the research object) along with abstract and logical methods. The assessment of diversification was conducted using Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI).
Research results. The results of scientific research on the development of the agriculture sector in Azerbaijan have been presented. The current state of the sector has been demonstrated and the potential for further development as a part of the diversification strategy has been applied.
Elements of scientific novelty. An overview of the sector as one of the major contributors to the appliance of diversification policy has been made. The aforementioned results lead to the conclusion that due to the high potential, the sector could further be considered as one of the significant contributors to the non-oil sector.
Practical significance. The dynamics and consistencies of the agriculture sector in terms of value-added have been presented.
Conclusion. To provide effective and efficient support to the sector’s development, the government has to have an insight into the sector’s current economic situation. As a result, a need for in-depth research in terms of expansion of the information base of the sector emerges. This policy includes data collection and analysis, monitoring, and evaluation in order to ensure the indication of business opportunities. Systematic analysis and assessment have to be applied to become a useful tool for identifying the needs of the sector. It is worth mentioning that the food supply chain organization in Azerbaijan is comparatively week with poor collaboration among chain actors, including farmers, traders, and processors. Most sales of agricultural goods flow through the wholesale market network throughout the country. Taking into consideration the aforementioned, it becomes clear that the expansion of the agricultural export will broaden the links and network accelerating the process of globalization.
Therefore, an analysis of the existing data on the agriculture sector in Azerbaijan illustrates that the country has great potential for the development of this sector which may contribute to the economy and integration into the global market.
Keywords: Azerbaijan, diversification, agriculture, export, resources.
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The article was received 15.01.2021