JEL classification: L83; H56
The article is devoted to the principles of functioning and development of economic security in the tourism industry in Ukraine. The urgency of creating an effective system of economic security in tourism is considered and the necessity of applying a multi-element system of economic security in the tourism industry of Ukraine is substantiated. Economic security is considered as one of the priority areas for the development of the tourism industry, which has a significant impact on the development of the country’s economy.
The purpose of the article is to determine the essence of economic security of the enterprises of the tourist industry, taking into account the specifics of their activity and the peculiarities of development in modern conditions.
In this study, one of the key aspects of the development of the national tourism industry is the analysis of the basic elements of economic security and the assessment of their impact on the development of tourism enterprises. Economic security of the tourism industry is a universal category, showing the level of security of the subjects of socio-economic relations at all levels, which combines a complex system of means that ensure the economic stability of tourism industry.
The economic security of each enterprise of the tourism industry is individual, its completeness and effectiveness depend on many factors, namely, an important influence is exercised by the state regulatory and legislative framework; the total amount of logistical and financial resources allocated by the heads of enterprises; understanding of the importance of guaranteeing economic security for each of the employees, as well as the practical experience of the heads of enterprise security services. Effective economic security of the tourism industry is possible only through a comprehensive and systematic approach to its organization. Economic security provides an opportunity to evaluate the prospects of the enterprise, to develop a tactical and strategic system of development, to reduce the effects of financial crises and the negative impact of possible new threats and dangers.
The practical significance of this article is that the results obtained can be used to develop scientific and practical approaches to the organization of an effective economic security system in the tourism industry, as well as conclusions and recommendations can be the basis for the formation of state strategic directions for the rational management of tourism enterprises, which will help to solve economic and social problems and ensure a functional work in the tourism industry.
Key words: economic security, tourism industry, elements of economic security, tourism economy.
- Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine. Available at: rezhym dostupu do sajtu http://www.me.gov.ua
- Aref’ieva, O. V., Kuz’menko, T. B. (2005). Planuvannia ekonomichnoi bezpeky. [Economic security planning]. Vyd-vo Yevrop. un-tu. Кiev. Ukraine.
- Kulits’ka, N. V., Orlyk, O. V. (2015). «Economic security of tourist enterprises» Informatyka ta informatsijni tekhnolohii. [Informatics and information technologies]. Stud. of sciences. Conf., April 20, 2015: Mater. Conf. Odessa, ONEU. рр. 68-71.
- Kozachenko, A. V., Ponomarev, V.P., Ljashenko, A.N. (2003). Jekonomicheskaja bezopasnost’ pred-prijatija: sushhnost’ i mehanizv obespechenija. [Economic security of the enterprise: essence and mechanism of providing]. Libra. Кiev. Ukraine.
- Bokij, V. I. (2003). «The economic security of the enterprise – the most important component of financial stability». Aktual’ni problemy ekonomiky. №8, рр.111-114.
- Koval’ov, D., Sukhorukova, T. (1998). «Economic security of the enterprise». Ekonomika Ukrainy. №10, рр.48-52.
- Kvasnij, L.H., Scherban, O.Ya. (2015). «Investigation of functional components of economic security of tourist services enterprises». Stalyj rozvytok ekonomiky. №4(29). рр. 76-80.
- Sukhanova, A. V. (2019). «The basic components and principles of economic security of agricultural enterprises». Ukrainian Journal of Applied Economics. Vol. 4. № 2, pp. 97-103.
The article was received 24.06.2019