УДК: 338.08 (075.8)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2021-3-35

Olena Pavlova
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department Economy and Nature Management, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Kostiantyn Pavlov
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department
Entrepreneurship and Marketing
Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Iryna Sadovska
Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Accounting and Taxation, Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Anatoliy Shvorak
Professor of the Department of Economics and Nature Management
Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University
Oksana Verbova
Doctor of Economic, Associate Professor, Member of the editorial board of the collection of scientific works “History of economics and economic thought of Ukraine” the State Institution “Institute of Economics and Forecasting of NAS of Ukraine”

JEL classification: N01; N10

Abstract

The article examines the economic views of Ye. Khraplyvyy to develop scientific ways and methods to increase the efficiency of grain production in Ukraine, in particular the cultivation of wheat. The scientist’s statement that with the further development of this branch of production, man’s connection with the earth will expand: tillage, fertilization, new high-yielding varieties are used, effective weed and pest control is carried out, mechanization of harvesting and improving its storage conditions are provided. Ye. Khraplyvyy emphasizes that in grain farming the harvest largely depends on natural conditions. With the development of society, the scientist believes, the role of natural factors in grain production will decrease, and psychological and social ones will increase. The more complex grain farming, he thinks, the more advantages small-scale production has over large-scale production, despite the fact that the latter makes better use of the latest advances in agronomic science, uses high-yielding varieties, mechanizes labor-intensive production processes, and improves tillage and fertilization. Ye. Khraplyvyy argues that large-scale agricultural production is also affected by certain social factors. Through his academic and practical organizational activities, Ye. Khraplyvyy left his descendants an example of selfless service to the people. Given its essential role in the history of the Zalishchyk region. Yevhen Vasyliovych Khraplyvyy as a scientist, public figure, the teacher, with his scientific and practical activities, contributed to the rise of the economic activity of the Ukrainian people made great efforts to ensure that every citizen, including peasants, considered their economy as part of the state and social system. He developed a strategic plan to increase grain yields, bring Ukraine’s agriculture to the level of European and world agricultural science, pointed out the internal, hidden reserves of improving production efficiency, and defined agronomic culture principles. Knowledge of the scientific achievements creative heritage of Ye. Khraplyvyy is the key to the successful economic development of Ukraine and raising the welfare and living standards of the people. The theoretical and practical achievements of Ye. yKhraplyvy are an invaluable treasure.

Keywords: economic views, Ye. Khraplyvyy, grain agricultural production, agronomic culture, public agronomy, scientific heritage, Ukraine.

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The article was received 18.07.2021