УДК: [005.336.1:005.936.3]–042.3

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2021-1-47

Оleksandr Petkov
Postgraduate student, Odesa National Academy of Food Technologies

JEL classification: D61


Introduction. One of the important strategic tasks at the present stage of enterprise development is to achieve a high level of its economic efficiency to ensure financial stability in conditions of economic instability. Factors of external and internal environment have an influence on this indicator, which actualizes the problem of their consideration in the process of enterprise functioning.

The purpose of scientific research is to determine the essence of the concept of «economic efficiency», as well as to identify the factors of external and internal environment that affect it.

Results. Scientific interpretations of the essence of the concept of «economic efficiency» are given and analyzed. There are two main groups of factors influencing on this indicator: environmental factors and internal factors. According to the results of the study, the classification of factors of external influence on economic efficiency is generalized. It is determined that these factors can be the causes of problems in the enterprise, and, on the other hand, can be an impetus for finding more effective directions of development. The factors of influence of the internal environment on the economic efficiency of the enterprise are structured taking into account the functional sphere of activity of the economic object.

Conclusions. The study of the essence of the concept of “economic efficiency” and the factors influencing on it indicates the need to adapt the existing classification of external and internal environmental factors to changing economic conditions.

Key words: economic efficiency, external environment, internal environment, influencing factors.


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The article was received 10.01.2021