JEL classification: R1; O11
Introduction. The article examines the introduction of strategic planning in the system of instruments of regional state policy. Due to the fact that the mechanisms and tools for comprehensive implementation of the goals of strategic regional development in Ukraine are not established, their effectiveness has not been proved in practice, the interest of scientists and practitioners in this issue is growing. The purpose of the article is to analyze the State strategies of regional development of Ukraine, which were implemented in 2006-2020, and the current SSRD 2020-2027. It allowed investigating the evolution of their theoretical basis, modification of the tools and levers used in terms of compliance with the stated goals and effectiveness of the impact on the flow of economic processes in the regions.
Results. The study found that the theoretical basis of strategic planning during 2006-2020 in the formulation of goals has not changed – it was the provisions of theories of cumulative growth. The paper offers supplementation of the process of forming the legal basis for stimulating regional development by the fourth stage (2014 – present), which introduces new approaches to strategic planning and financing of regional development and administration. The authors analyzed and established the changes that the instruments of the SSRD have undergone: creation of legislative and institutional support of its development and implementation; separation of stages of implementation and introduction of planning at each phase; formation of a system of indicators for achieving certain goals, partial consideration of EU regional policy experience. This study explains the low effectiveness of the SSRD influence on the development of the regions due to insufficient funding, the predominance of the sectoral approach and the unrealistic goals.
Conclusion. The authors offer approaches to improving strategies as a tool of regional policy by strengthening scientific and methodological support, comprehensive consideration of positive foreign experience, legal support, and introduction of a mechanism for monitoring implementation, transparency and feedback between results and plans for future periods.
Key words: regional policy, strategy, strategic planning, programme.
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The article was received 16.01.2021