УДК 338.262.7:330.33

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2020-2-28

Ivan ZRAILO
postgraduate, Lviv National Agrarian University

JEL classification: N50; O13

Abstract
Introduction. The role of the agricultural industry and its grain products subcomplex as the basic functioning direction is strategically important for strengthening Ukrainian competitive positions both from the viewpoint of trade and economic relations and the determinants of political and legal nature. Indeed, grain products subcomplex of the agricultural industry is formalized as a tool to defend and meet national interests in conditions of aggravated problem of quality and safe food deficit. Moreover, favorable preconditions for grain production in Ukraine is the basis of forming of the foreign economic capacity of the agricultural industry’s grain products, which can provide consistent currency revenues to the state budget.
The paper aims to research the condition and preconditions of the implementation of the foreign economic capacity of the domestic grain products subcomplex of the agricultural industry.
Results. The paper outlines the obstacles that substantially restrict the parameters of implementation of the foreign economic capacity of the agricultural industry’s grain products subcomplex in Ukraine. The lack of favorable preconditions for an investor in the agricultural industry’s grain products subcomplex is emphasized. The condition of implementation of the foreign economic capacity of the domestic grain products subcomplex is analyzed. Moreover, in order to understand the scales and the strategically important role of the agricultural industry’s grain products subcomplex in Ukraine are presented in meeting the global need for grain, the balances of the global wheat market across main countries-exporters.
Conclusions. The functioning of the grain products subcomplex of the agricultural industry of Ukraine forms the favorable preconditions to implement its foreign economic capacity. Ratification of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement has secured the strategic reorientation of the export capacitates of the grain products subcomplex of the agricultural industry from the Russian Federation and the CIS countries towards the markets of the EU Member States. Egypt, China, and Spain hold the leading positions among the importers of domestic grain. The following factors of restriction of the parameters of foreign economic capacity implementation in the agricultural industry’s grain products subcomplex should be emphasized: flawed institutional environment, low level of industry innovative-technological modernization, excessive raw materials orientation of export, poor diversification of foreign sales markets, underdeveloped chain of logistics infrastructure facilities, non-correspondence of domestic and international standards of product quality and safety certification.
Keywords: grain products complex, foreign economic capacity, agricultural industry.

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The article was received 11.03.2020